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Nebulizer: Definition, Use, Features, Maintenance

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Medication inhalation is the best-known treatment for asthma attacks or respiratory infections. But did you know that there is another support than the traditional inhaler to fulfill this function? This is the nebulizer. Simple and pleasant to use, this medical object which resembles inhalers is differentiated by its mode of diffusion.

Definition: what is a nebulizer?

Too often unknown to the general public, the nebulizer or nebulizer, belongs to the same family as the inhaler, except that it is well easier to use. This is a device for transforming liquids into a mist of fine droplets. This process makes it easy to vacuum drug treatment or essential oils. A technique that is particularly effective because it acts directly and locally on respiratory infections such as asthma, sinusitis or the common cold. There are currently two types of nebulizers on the market. Fixed nebulizers, called table, and other portable ones.

The different nebulizers and how they work

The nebulizers operate according to three methods processingwhich vary by their mechanism:

  • Pneumatic nebulizers, transform the liquid into an aerosol (fine particles suspended in the air) thanks to a compressor which sends air or oxygen into the nebulizer chamber. This is the oldest method. The downside is that the compressor is relatively noisy.
  • Ultrasonic nebulizers, use ultrasound produced using crystals that vibrate and thus transform the liquid into a mist. Less noisy than the pneumatic nebulizer, however, it is not suitable for all medications.
  • Membrane nebulizers, transform the liquid, projecting it through a permeable sieve. This device is the quietest of all, but also the most expensive.

Use: What is a nebulizer used for?

Nebulizers are used to treat asthma, chronic bronchitis or any other respiratory infections. This system is ideal for young children because it does not require taking a deep breath to receive all of its medication. It is also suitable for adults who, during an asthma attack, find it difficult to take a deep breath.

In order to check if you do not suffer from asthma, the OMMRON brand has developed the device Wheeze Scan which analyzes your breathing and detects any wheezing, specific to asthma. This device is available on Amazon.

Child using a nebulizer.

Nebulizer or inhaler, what is the difference and which one to choose?

The inhaler, unlike the nebulizer, does not deliver a mist, but a powder. This process being more difficult to inhale, it requires taking deep breaths. Which is not always obvious during asthma attacks. However, they are easy to transport and less expensive than nebulizers.

Easier to use than an inhaler, nebulizers do not require you to take deep breaths to receive their treatment. The mist, lighter than the powder, penetrates the respiratory tract more easily. On the other hand, this one requires more time of use. You will have to wait between 5 and 10 minutes before receiving your entire treatment. Not to mention that nebulizers are more bulky than inhalers.

To start, here is thethe steps to use correctly a fixed nebulizer :

  • Place the compressor on a flat, clean surface.
  • Plug in the machine.
  • Wash your hands and dry them completely.
  • If the medication is ready to use, all you have to do is place it in the nebulizer chamber. Otherwise you will have to mix it with a physiological solution and follow the recommendations of your doctor.
  • Assemble the nebulizer chamber to the mask or mouthpiece.
  • Connect tubing to nebulizer chamber and compressor.

The following instructions also apply with a portable nebulizer :

  • Turn on the compressor and check that it is working properly by noticing the appearance of mist.
  • Sit with your back straight in a chair.
  • Position the mask over your mouth and nose. If it’s a mouthpiece, place it between your teeth and pinch it with your lips.
Woman using a mouthpiece on a nebulizer

Your nebulizer is now ready to use. here are some advice to take your processing :

  • Take some slow breaths and deepif possible try to hold your breath for 2-3 seconds so that the product diffuses better into your respiratory tract.
  • When the mist no longer comes out of the mask or the mouthpiece and you hear a crackling, it means that Iprocessing is complete. You can tap on the nebulizer to make sure there is no more product.

In case side effectssuch as dizzinessit is best to take a break before continuing the treatment. If these effects persist, talk to your doctor.

A nebulizer needs to be cleaned after each use to avoid the proliferation of bacteria which can be dangerous to your health when inhaled. Maintenance differs depending on the format of your device. If it is a tabletop nebulizer, then it is necessary to replace the tube within the time specified by your doctorit does not clean itself.

It is necessary that rinse at Luke warm water The mask or mouthpiece as well as the nebulizer chamber after each treatment. The procedure is the same whether your device is fixed or portable. At the end of the day, you will have to wash all with mild soap and lukewarm water. Rinse then let air dry.

And to disinfect it?

disinfection of a nebulizer is a necessary step for its proper maintenance. Just like cleaning, sanitizing your device stop the appearance and the creation of microbes. To do this, you can use a disinfectant solution on all of your equipment, then allow to air dry. This step must be done at least every three days and does not replace washing, it complements it.

Clean a nebulizer against respiratory diseases.

What are the best nebulizers on the market?

We have selected for you the three best nebulizerswhich stand out from the competition for their price, quality and efficiency.

  • OMRON C102 is the best entry-level product. It is a nebulizer with good performance, fixed and not bulky. 8/10
  • OMRON C28P is also a fixed nebulizer, but this time mid-range. He owns one of best value for money by incorporating Virtual Valve Technology (VVT) which reduces waste and increases the efficiency of your treatment. 9.5/10
  • FREELIFE, is one of the best nebulizers portables. Master key, it recharges every two uses. 8.5/10

FAQ / Frequently Asked Questions about nebulizers

When should you ideally use a nebulizer?

The nebulizer can be used as a treatment for Asthma, sinusitis, colds and any other respiratory infections.

What product to put in a nebulizer?

It is possible to put medicines or essential oils in a nebulizer.

How to use a nebulizer?

To use a nebulizer properly, you must first put the medicine in the nebulizer chamber. Connect the mask or mouthpiece to the device. Turn on the nebulizer and watch for the appearance of a mist. Then you just have to position your mask or your mouthpiece and take deep breaths.

Where to find the best nebulizer?

Nebulizers are available for sale in pharmacies, on specialized websites, or even on Amazon.

See also: Review of the R-PUR FiiT mask against colds and viruses

source ameli.com & source university of angers

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