Chaenomeles speciosa is a plant of the household Rosaceae, native to China.
Of their well being residence nation, designated by Mandarin 皱 皮 木瓜 zhòupí Mugua (or 贴 梗 海棠, tiēgěng hǎitáng) its fruit has lengthy been utilized in conventional Chinese medication. It’s also cultivated in Chinese gardens since historical instances.
The quite a few decorative cultivars of this species chosen in Japan after which in Europe for his or her plentiful colourful bloom in backyard supplanted Chaenomeles japonica much less vigorous. Nonetheless, they’re nonetheless bought beneath the identify “japonica”.
China wild type
Chaenomeles speciosa is a thorny shrub 2-3 meters excessive, subsequently better than C. japonica, which is round 1 meter (in its wild type).
The reniform or suborbicular stipules are massive sufficient as they make 5 to 10 mm. The deciduous, lanceolate to elliptical leaves (thus narrower than these of C. japonica), 3-9 × 1.5-5 cm, are carried by a petiole of 1 cm.
C. speciosa grows naturally in China (Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan) and in Myanmar.
The quite a few decorative cultivars chosen by horticulturists are grown in temperate Asia, Europe and North America.
Mandarin Mugua 木瓜 means both shrubs of the genus Chaenomeles, native to temperate areas of China or papaya, fruit papaya (Carica papaya), a local of Mexico. The confusion shouldn’t be unusual.
In line with the Chinese Pharmacopoeia Mugua 木瓜 (Fructus chaenomeles), the fruit of flowering quince, has the next capabilities and indications:
– “Disperses wind and moisture, regulates the abdomen and improves digestion”
– “Lively circulation of qi and blood, relaxes muscle mass and tendons”
– “Antirheumatic, antispasmodic”.
– “Rheumatic ache and muscle spasm”
– “Dyspepsia, vomiting, diarrhea”
It’s usually prescribed together with different medicinal herbs. In case of muscle cramps, it’s mixed with Dang-gui-shao and Bai-yao.
Affinities: liver, spleen.
Chinese Pharmacopoeia Fee (2005) really helpful for the therapy of rheumatoid arthritis, prosopalgia (trigeminal neuralgia) and hepatitis.
The examine by chromatography of the fruit of C. speciosa has revealed the presence of three,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, quercetol, methyl ester 3-hydroxybutanedioic acid, oleanolic acid, and so forth. The primary two constituents are polyphenols which have a big antioxidant exercise as measured by the free radical scavenging utilizing DPPH •
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